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COMMUNICATIVE ENGLISH

COMMUNICATIVE TECHNIQUESPosted by PRIYA SHARMA Fri, August 26, 2016 15:47:24
IF
- RUDYARD KIPLING

CRITICAL ANALYSIS

The power of self- confidence within the first four lines of the poem takes on an air equivalent to that of Socrates, it his detachment from criticism:

"If you can keep your head.............................
........................................allowance for their doubting too,"


Here is the real measure of individuality and self-worth the power to reject bitterness in the face of other people's wrath. The overwhelming reference to "you" or "your" which is used seven times within these four lines really has the affect of breaking out of the poem and speaking to the reader directly.
There is a Jesus- like forgiveness within the last line of forgiving your foes, it is a higher understanding of how the world works, it grasps at the truth of human nature and makes "allowance" at the folly of others, not for their sake, but for your own.

Patience as a virtue and the correct way to speak and feel is of interest in the next four lines:

"If you can wait and .....................................
..................................... nor talk too wise"

Here patience is both taken as patience with others and with the world at large. True understanding is patience, and with dealing with others in the correct manner. The negativity of "hate" and "lying" are rejected absolutely by those who would seek to view the ways of the world from an open philosophic way of thinking. At the close of the poem the poet warns though again the error of arrogance with such self- confidence and wisdom.

It is hard to ignore the conservative message that is evident within the whole of the next stanza:

"If you can dream ..........................................
........................................up with worn-out tools"

Once again the words are noble enough, at the start the poet praises dreams nd longings but warns against becoming blinded with those wants. Interestingly, the knowledge of the God-like narrator warns against the personified "Triumph and Disaster" realising both of them as "impostors", or of little importance in the grand scheme of things.

The last two lines could be read somewhat as a conservative message with the idea of continuation and hard work in adversity , of course it is always dangerous to attach the author with the poem in such a way, though it remains positive and uplifting. This idea is also continued within the next lines:

"If you can make one heap....................................
....................................... a word about your loss;"

The attitude of never giving up and working hard certainly could be read as an element of the conservative methodology, however the determination and message of striving is there for all to adhere to regardless of political vision. It is also much more than the method of a continuation in the face of adversity, it is about he way this is done and never breathing " a word about your loss" shows the utmost element of self-dignity.
Of course, the message of the poem throughout is also holding the tension that will be finally released within the last line.

"If you can talk with crowds..............................................
.........................................., but none too much;"

Of importance in this section is the message of not becoming corrupted by the machinations of status, the individual not placing importance above anyone else, but showing ultimate humility. Obviously "Kings" is contrasted with "common" in order to cover all the strata of society in the same way as "foes" and "friends" is within the next line. The argument of treating a foe with the same humility as a friend and not allowing them to hurt you falls back to the self- confidence factor at the start of the poem.

In the last section of the poem, the tension built-up between throughout is finally released:
"If you can fill the .........................................
....................................... you'll be a Man, my son."

The last line is also the realisation of the passing down of knowledge and wisdom from father to son, and it is the first time that we as readers realise that the poem is not directly addressed to them, but to a younger figure. This gives the poem an extra element of humility, and as readers we unconsciously care for this younger child and hope we prosper under such guidance, as we do ourselves.

Overall in the poem there is much truth and wisdom within these motivational words that seems tap into a core within the reader, expanding virtue and knowledge. True words are often softly spoken and the gentleness and confidence which meet the reader in the lines of the poem come across both reverent and admirable.
The obvious humanity which Kipling breached within the whole poem stirs within the reader thoughts of a higher nature than the pettiness that surrounds daily life, it is just a shame that most people don't act upon the meaning carried wthin the Kipling's verse, for then we could truly ask "what if?".

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