COMMUNICATIVE TECHNIQUESPosted by PRIYA SHARMA Fri, August 26, 2016 15:47:24
- RUDYARD KIPLING
The power of self- confidence within the first four lines of the poem takes on an air equivalent to that of Socrates, it his detachment from criticism:
"If you can keep your head.............................
........................................allowance for their doubting too,"
Here is the real measure of individuality and self-worth the power to reject bitterness in the face of other people's wrath. The overwhelming reference to "you" or "your" which is used seven times within these four lines really has the affect of breaking out of the poem and speaking to the reader directly.
There is a Jesus- like forgiveness within the last line of forgiving your foes, it is a higher understanding of how the world works, it grasps at the truth of human nature and makes "allowance" at the folly of others, not for their sake, but for your own.
Patience as a virtue and the correct way to speak and feel is of interest in the next four lines:
"If you can wait and .....................................
..................................... nor talk too wise"
Here patience is both taken as patience with others and with the world at large. True understanding is patience, and with dealing with others in the correct manner. The negativity of "hate" and "lying" are rejected absolutely by those who would seek to view the ways of the world from an open philosophic way of thinking. At the close of the poem the poet warns though again the error of arrogance with such self- confidence and wisdom.
It is hard to ignore the conservative message that is evident within the whole of the next stanza:
"If you can dream ..........................................
........................................up with worn-out tools"
Once again the words are noble enough, at the start the poet praises dreams nd longings but warns against becoming blinded with those wants. Interestingly, the knowledge of the God-like narrator warns against the personified "Triumph and Disaster" realising both of them as "impostors", or of little importance in the grand scheme of things.
The last two lines could be read somewhat as a conservative message with the idea of continuation and hard work in adversity , of course it is always dangerous to attach the author with the poem in such a way, though it remains positive and uplifting. This idea is also continued within the next lines:
"If you can make one heap....................................
....................................... a word about your loss;"
The attitude of never giving up and working hard certainly could be read as an element of the conservative methodology, however the determination and message of striving is there for all to adhere to regardless of political vision. It is also much more than the method of a continuation in the face of adversity, it is about he way this is done and never breathing " a word about your loss" shows the utmost element of self-dignity.
Of course, the message of the poem throughout is also holding the tension that will be finally released within the last line.
"If you can talk with crowds..............................................
.........................................., but none too much;"
Of importance in this section is the message of not becoming corrupted by the machinations of status, the individual not placing importance above anyone else, but showing ultimate humility. Obviously "Kings" is contrasted with "common" in order to cover all the strata of society in the same way as "foes" and "friends" is within the next line. The argument of treating a foe with the same humility as a friend and not allowing them to hurt you falls back to the self- confidence factor at the start of the poem.
In the last section of the poem, the tension built-up between throughout is finally released:
"If you can fill the .........................................
....................................... you'll be a Man, my son."
The last line is also the realisation of the passing down of knowledge and wisdom from father to son, and it is the first time that we as readers realise that the poem is not directly addressed to them, but to a younger figure. This gives the poem an extra element of humility, and as readers we unconsciously care for this younger child and hope we prosper under such guidance, as we do ourselves.
Overall in the poem there is much truth and wisdom within these motivational words that seems tap into a core within the reader, expanding virtue and knowledge. True words are often softly spoken and the gentleness and confidence which meet the reader in the lines of the poem come across both reverent and admirable.
The obvious humanity which Kipling breached within the whole poem stirs within the reader thoughts of a higher nature than the pettiness that surrounds daily life, it is just a shame that most people don't act upon the meaning carried wthin the Kipling's verse, for then we could truly ask "what if?".
COMMUNICATIVE TECHNIQUESPosted by PRIYA SHARMA Fri, August 26, 2016 14:44:39
- W. S. MAUGHAM
The short story is divided into three parts which are the exposition, the story and the climax.
The exposition being the start where he looks back in memory 20 years in the past. The story behind the luncheon and the climax being the woman's increase in weight. There is a lot of irony in the luncheon as the woman repeatedly says she only eats one thing and it is only something small, but to the contrary she eats five dishes.
The theme of the short story is appearance versus reality. It is first shown a he thinks the woman is much older than he thought and then how she says she only eats one thing. The other example s how she said that she is a fan, but she is only after a free lunch.
W.S. Maugham was young and naive, and was living in Paris, some twenty years from the time of writing this striking short story with a twist of irony. Like any young writer, he craved for admiration. And that's what he got when he received a fan mail from a lady, lavishly praising one of his just published works. He was elated and wrote back thanking her. Then he receives a letter from the same admirer stating that she was passing through Paris and was interested to have a chat with the author. As she had a busy schedule, she suggested that the author might consider treating her with a little luncheon at Foyot's on the following thursday when she would be free.
Foyot is plush and expensive upscale restaurant in Paris where the French senators eat - meaning it was a place for the elite's and a struggling writer like Maugham can never dream of eating at such place. He had only 80 francs to sustain him through the month and a modest luncheon, he thought would not cost more than 15 francs. This deficit of 15 francs could be adjusted by refraining from taking daily coffee for two weeks.
COMMUNICATIVE TECHNIQUESPosted by PRIYA SHARMA Fri, August 26, 2016 14:22:36
THE UNKNOWN CITIZEN
- W. H. AUDEN
A marble monument marks the burial site of a citizen known only by his alphanumeric identity: 'JS/07M378'
In words etched on the monument, the government praises the 'Unknown Citizen' for supporting and conforming to the will of the State.
For example, he always held government- approved opinions, never once advocating a controversial idea. If the government declared war, he did not question the decision. Instead he put on his uniform and followed the crowd to the battlefield. If it declared peace, he accepted that decision too and returned to society. In short, he led a life of exemplary docility and submissiveness.
Moreover, he was consistent, holding the same job for his entire life. Not one to arouse discontent on the job, he never said or did anything to anger company bosses or union representatives. When reading the paper, he avoided pursuing stories about controversial or upsetting events and instead turned his attention to advertisements. At home, he supported the national economy by having all the right things - a phonograph, a radio, a car and a refrigerator.
To his credit, the government euginicist found, he had right number of children. By being a good sheep and following the government shepherd, h without doubt led a happy, contended life.
COMMUNICATIVE TECHNIQUESPosted by PRIYA SHARMA Fri, May 06, 2016 22:39:00WRITING FORMAL EMAILS
E-mails with working professionals should be handled with attention
and purpose -- they should not be too casual in tone or style and
should never be written like a text message to a friend.
Formal, professional communications with people will convey a feeling
of respect for the sender and for the recipient of the e-mail.
• Be clear and concise with no unnecessary information.
• Phrase your ideas carefully since e-mails can be easily misread.
• Without your voice and body-language, the tone of an email
can be difficult to interpret – avoid sarcasm or humor. Here are some ideas to keep in mind when emailing working
1.Write an appropriate subject line that pertains to the content of the email. This
makes it easier to search for the e-mail in the future.
Begin with the title and full name of the person to whom you are writing (Mr.
Smith, Dr. Jones, Prof. James, etc.).
Write your message in a clear and concise manner. Keep your paragraphs short
and your statements clear.
4. Do not write in all caps or in all lowercase letters. Punctuate accordingly.
5. Close the email with your contact information (you should include the course
name and number in academic settings).
Always reread and check for spelling and grammar errors before sending. Don’t
rely on spelling & grammar checkers. EMAIL SAMPLES
COMMUNICATIVE TECHNIQUESPosted by PRIYA SHARMA Fri, May 06, 2016 22:13:36RESUME SAMPLES
COMMUNICATIVE TECHNIQUESPosted by PRIYA SHARMA Fri, May 06, 2016 21:59:30VERB LIST FOR
RESUMES & LETTERS
Verbs for Accomplishments
COMMUNICATIVE TECHNIQUESPosted by PRIYA SHARMA Fri, May 06, 2016 21:46:18THE 5 STEPS OF RESUME DEVELOPMENT
Step 1: Analyze the Job Description
Read job descriptions thoroughly and then highlight all of the keywords which
indicate required and preferred skills, abilities, attributes, and qualifications. If an
employer is looking for somebody who is innovative, punctual, and attentive to
detail, use these same or similar words in your resume.
Step 2: Generate a List of Accomplishments
Create an inventory of your accomplishments—tasks that you enjoyed doing, did
well, and are proud of. Include education/training, volunteer experience, jobs,
projects, school assignments, travel, and group or team activities. Focus on the
outcomes of your efforts. Quantify your results if possible. Don’t be humble!
Resumes are promotional tools.
Step 3: Identify Relevant Skill Areas
Frame your experience so that it focuses on skills and achievements that are
desirable for that particular position. Make sure each accomplishment you list
highlights a skill the employer is looking for.Step 4: Write Descriptive Phrases
Using action verbs, write concise phrases to describe experiences that demonstrate your relevant skills.
The accomplishments on your resume should ultimately be targeted to address an employer’s needs. Do your best to
place them in order of relevance with the most relevant information as close as possible to the top.
Step 5: Choose a Format
While resume templates may be tempting, they tend to be inflexible; also, employers are often familiar with them and
may perceive you as lacking ingenuity. EMAILING RESUMES
Before emailing your resume, try to find out the
employer’s format preference. Some accept attachments;
others prefer your resume in the text of the email
message. If you can’t find out the employer’s preference,
send it both ways in one message. Unless you are told
otherwise, include a cover letter. Send the resume
and cover letter in one email message.
When submitting a resume via an organization’s website,
use the formatting and display style recommended by the
To send your resume as an attachment:
• Convert your document to a .pdf file to ensure
formatting stays intact
• Give the document a name the recruiter will associate
with you, such as “MillerJennifer.pdf” Don’t give it a
generic name like “Resume.pdf”
• Be sure your document is virus free. To send your resume in the text of the email
• Save both the resume and cover letter as text
• Put the cover letter first
• Do not use bold, underlining, bullets, distinctive fonts,
colored text, or HTML codes. Use asterisks, plus signs
(+), dashes, all capital letters, and combinations of these
to highlight text
• Text resumes look plain and ordinary, but employers are
used to this. They are more concerned with whether
the content meets their needs
COMMUNICATIVE TECHNIQUESPosted by PRIYA SHARMA Fri, April 29, 2016 00:04:53Professional Resume Building: At a Glance
- Choose a Right Template:
There are many free templates available in internet but choose the one that match to your requirement and professional activities. A freelance painter's resume template is not going to be the best option for engineering professional. Let the font be clearly readable.
- Have Fewer Pages:
Have just 3 pages max. No one will read the entire story pack - everyone needs the essential points for their requirements. Organize your resume with only important information. For example, professional experience, education, contact information, etc.
- Profile Summary:
Keep this between 10 to 15 statements. Give a clear vision about what your profile is all about.
- Professional Experience:
List only required information. Start from current profile - role with type of projects, organization and location - followed by your key activities.
- Core Competencies:
List your technical knowledge areas in detail. Ensure you categorize them in small groups.
- Domain Knowledge:
This is very important if you are more than 5+ years experienced. List your knowledge domain in business groups.
- Use Header and Footer:
Give your contact information, phone number and email ID in footer. Let every page header carry your name and current profile information.
Group your professional certifications for business and technical lines. Ensure you list them from latest one.
-Cut your Project Details:
Let your professional experience section have a simple one line about the type of projects you handled. Don't write client information, project scope details, etc in resume document. Instead talk about them in interviews to give your new employer a clear visibility about your experience.
-Blogs, Social groups, Twitter:
Mention your blog URL (Technical or Professional only), any social groups you involve and professional twitter address. This gives an opportunity to your new employer to know your knowledge and attitude.
COMMUNICATIVE TECHNIQUESPosted by PRIYA SHARMA Wed, March 30, 2016 20:06:19
A communication process consists of the following elements:
- The Sender
- The Sender has something in mind to convey.
- The Sender encodes the thoughts/ feelings into a message.
- The message travels through a channel.
- Sometimes there is a noise in the transmission process.
- The Receiver receives the message.
- He decodes the message.
- The Receiver sends the feedback.
- The frame of reference of the sender and the receiver.
- The context of the receiver.
Students can complement explanation of Communication Cycle with the following figure.
COMMUNICATIVE TECHNIQUESPosted by PRIYA SHARMA Wed, March 30, 2016 19:36:43
“The quality of your life is the quality of your communication.” ~Tony RobbinsDeveloping your communication skills
When you’re trying to connect with a wide variety of people, you need to start by asking yourself 5 questions:
– What common ground do we share?
– Do they feel comfortable with our conversation?
– Are my responses making them feel understood?
– Is my intent being clearly defined?
– Will our connection be better after our interaction?
In order to fulfill these goals, you might want to consider the following…14 Effective communication skills
1. Give them the impression that you’re enthusiastic about talking to them. They want to feel that you would rather be talking to them than anyone else. When you give them the impression that you are excited about talking to them and that you care about them, you make them feel better about themselves. As a result, they’ll be more likely to really open up to you.
2. Ask open-ended questions about their interests. Ask questions that will get them to talk about their interests and their life in a way that provides you with insight into their needs and wants. When you help them gain a new, positive perspective about their situation, they will feel a deep sense of connection with you.
3. Adapt to their body language and feelings. Pay special attention to their nonverbal communication. Watch their body language and posture, also take note of their inflection and word choices. Now, tailor your words, body language, and voice tone to match what you have observed. Doing this will help them feel a deep subconscious connection with you.
4. Show them approval: Tell them what you admire about them and why. One of the best ways to instantly connect with people is to be forthright and tell them exactly why you like or admire them. If being too direct isn’t appropriate, insinuate with a few indirect statements here and there. Either approach can be equally as effective because everyone responds well to approval.
5. Listen attentively to everything they say. Don’t focus too much on what you’re going to say next as they are talking. Instead, listen to every word they say and respond back as relevantly and smoothly as possible. This shows people that you are interested in what they have to say and you are fully engaged and in the moment with them. Also make sure to ask questions whenever there’s something they say that you don’t quite understand. This will help fill any potentially awkward lapses in communication.
6. Give them the right amount of eye contact. Eye contact communicates to the other person that you are not only interested in them and what they have to say, but that you are also trustworthy. When done in moderation, they will also assume you are confident in yourself because of your willingness to face them directly. As a result, people will naturally want to pay more attention to you and what you have to say.
7. Reveal as much about yourself as possible. One of the best ways to earn someone’s trust is to reveal yourself as openly as you can. Tell stories about interesting events from your life or just describe zany instances from normal everyday life. As you do this, make sure not to mention things that stray too far from where their interests and values lie. Nothing builds trust like genuine transparency. Y
8. Give the impression that you are on the same team. Use words like “we, us, we’re, our, and ourselves” to instantly build a bond. When you use those words, you make it seem like you are all on the same team with a common goal or concern. This moves you into their circle while everyone else seems lack your special insight and understanding.
9. Give them your best smile. When you smile at people, you communicate that you like them and their presence brings you happiness. Smiling at them will cause them to subconsciously want to smile back at you which will instantly build rapport between the two of you. Just make sure that your smile is sincere because if it’s not they will sense it.
10. Offer helpful suggestions. Recommend restaurants you’ve been to, places you’ve been to, movies you’ve seen, helpful people they’d like to meet, books you’ve read, career opportunities and whatever else you can think of. Describe what was so great about those people, places and things and how they might appeal to the other person. If you suggest enough ideas that interest them, they will look at you as a “go to” person when they need to make a decision about what to do next.
11. Give them encouragement. If the person you’re dealing with is younger or in a more difficult position than you, they will appreciate any encouragement you can offer. When you help them feel more confident in their own abilities they will value your input. This helps even out the relationship. Convince them that they can surpass their problems and limitations and they will feel good about connecting with you.
12. Appear to have a slightly higher energy level than the other person. Generally, people want to be around those who lift them up, instead of bringing them down. If you indicate with your voice and your body language that you have a slightly higher energy level, they will feel more energized and positive while around you. Don’t be so energetic that you put people off, but have enough so that they feel energized after talking with you.
13. Say their name in a way that is pleasing to their ears. A person’s name is one of the most emotionally powerful words for them. But how you say it is more important than how often say it. If you say their name with they right inflection, it can actually convey a lot of positive feeling directly to their nervous system. If their name feels good to them when you say it, they will feel bonded to you on a subconscious level without even knowing why.
14. Offer to take the relationship a step further. There are a number of things you could do to advance your friendship with someone: offer to eat with them, talk over a cup of coffee, see a sports game, have a beer or two with them, etc. Even if people don’t take you up on your offers, they will be flattered that you like them enough to want to take the friendship to a deeper level. In a way, they will look up to you because you have the guts to take charge of your life and build friendships instead of expecting those friendships to magically appear for you.